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When staying in Aswan, do not miss visiting UNESCO Nubian monuments on the World Heritage List. Abu Simbel temples are the most visited ancient monument in Egypt, next to the pyramids of Giza. The twin temples are carved out of the mountain side of Pharaoh Ramses II in the 13th century BC, as an eternal memory of himself and his queen Nefertari. The temple celebrates his victory at the Battle of Kadesh. The complex, which was most visited by Egypt’s tourist attractions, was moved in connection with the construction of the new Aswan Dam in the 1960s to prevent it from being flooded by the artificial lake, Lake Nasser.